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Milk thistle


Alternative name: Christ's Crown, Blessed Milk thistle, others

Latin name: Silybum marianum

Occurrence: Mediterranean, Central Persia, Canary Islands, Central Europe

Milk thistle is mainly known for supporting liver regeneration. It contains the active substance silymarin, which can protect the liver from the effects of alcohol consumption, toxins and certain medicines.

Interesting fact: According to legend, the white veins on its leaves originated from the milk of the Virgin Mary, which during her breastfeeding of Christ sprinkled on the leaf of the plant, giving it healing properties.



Energy and stamina
Immune system
Weight loss


Milk thistle is an annual or biennial herb that grows 60 - 150 cm high. It has glossy leaves with distinctive white veins and a flower of violet-pink colour.

It is a very important food supplement for the treatment and prevention of liver and kidney diseases. Because the liver plays a very important role in the overall detoxification and the removal of dangerous substances from the body, preventive use is recommended. Milk Thistle is also suitable for treating spleen, gallbladder, and kidney issues, and has a positive effect in the treatment of skin diseases like psoriasis, eczema, pigment spots, etc.

Milk thistle should not be used by pregnant or nursing women. Its use can also interfere with the effectiveness of oral contraceptives.

Benefits of Milk Thistle

  • protects against liver damage
  • detoxifies the organism
  • treatment and recovery of liver diseases
  • use after antibiotic treatment, after chemotherapy
  • reduces allergies
  • supports the treatment of skin diseases
  • lowers cholesterol

GROWING Milk Thistle

In European conditions, sowing is carried out in April in rows 50 cm apart at a depth of 2-3 cm.
Seed germination can be accelerated by soaking them in warm water before sowing.

It thrives in sunny and warm locations, protected from the wind, and it likes lightly calcareous soils.

Milk Thistle harvesting and use

The seeds are harvested at the end of summer (August), when the whitish fluff begins to appear on the flowers.

If you do not want the seeds to spread further into the garden, cut the whole flower and collect the seeds.

Dry the seeds in a dry, well-ventilated place.

The crushed seeds can be used as a tea or as an oil. They can also be added to yoghurt, juices, etc.
Milk thistle is to be consumed cold because the active substance is lost upon contact with hot water.


Mediterranean, Central Persia, Canary Islands, Central Europe

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